Digital Literacy
Digital literacy is
  • skill to live, learn, and work where communication and acces to information is through digital technologies (internet platforms, social media, mobile devices)
  • ability to find, evaluate, and clearly communicate information through typing and other media on various digital platforms
  • the ability to use information and communication technologies to find, evaluate, create, and communicate information, requiring both cognitive and technical skills
Level:
  • Accesss
  • Use:
    • Techincal fluency
  • Understand
    • Recognize impact
    • Recognize potential
  • Create
Skill:
  • Critical Thinking
  • Communication and Collaboration Skills
    • Clearly express ideas
    • ask relevant questions
    • maintain respect
  • Practical Technical Skills
    • how to access
    • how to manage
    • how to create information
  • Social and Cultural Skills
Competency
  • Critical thinking
  • Online safety
  • Digital culture (social cultural understanding skill)
  • Collaboration
  • Creativity
  • Finding Information
  • Effective Communication and Netiquette
  • Functional skill
Key points
  • Digital media are networked.
  • Digital media are persistent, searchable and shareable.
  • Digital media have unknown and unexpected audiences.
  • Digital media experiences are real, but don’t always feel real.
  • How we respond and behave when using digital media is influenced by the architecture of the platforms, which reflects the biases and assumptions of their creators.
Digital Literacy Skills
  • Ethics and Empathy (ethical decisions : cyberbullying, sharing other people's content).
  • Privacy and Security (online privacy, reputation and, how to share, understanding data collection, malware and phising, digital footprint awareness).
  • Community Engagement (citizen rights, positive influence, active, engaged citizens.
  • Digital Health (managing screen time, balancing online and offline lives, managing online identity; dealing with digital media; understanding unhealthy online relationships.
  • Consumer Awareness (digital world is commercialized online environments: recognizing and interpreting advertising, branding and consumerism; reading and understanding the implications of website Terms of Service and privacy policies; and being savvy consumers online).
  • Finding and Verifying (skills to effectively search the Internet, and then evaluate and authenticate the sources and information they find)
  • Making and Remixing (making and remixing skills to create digital content, understanding legal and ethical considerations, and to use digital platforms to collaborate with others.
Goal of Digital Literacy
  • Critical/creative thinking
  • Constructive social action
  • ICT Innovation (in ICT or with ICT)
Access:
  • Distribution, Infrastructure, Tools
Use:
  • Navigation skills
  • Accessing skills
  • Tools related skills
Understand
  • Right and Responsibility
  • Scial awareness and identity
  • Judgement
  • Safety and security
  • Decision making
Create
  • Problem solving
  • Synthesizing
  • Culturel empowerment
Critical Thinking
Basic of Critical Thinking:
  • Analyse and evaluate information and arguments
  • See patterns and connections,
  • Identify and build meaningful information
Strategy of Critical Thinking:
  • Who (siapa yang menulis, untuk siapa, siapa yang diuntungkan, siapa yang dipengaruhi, siapa sumbernya, siapa yang mensponsori?)
  • What (apa yang tidak disampaikan kepada kita, apa pendapat yang berbeda, apa yang lebih penting dari yang disampaikan, apa kekuatan dan kelemahannya, apa lagi detil yang harus kita ketahui)
  • Where (dari mana informasi ini datang, di mana itu terjadi, di mana bukti pendukungnya)
  • When (kapan terjadi, kapan dibuat, kapan diperbarui informasinya, kapan kejadian yang sama terjadi di masa lalu)
  • Why (mengapa ini dibuat, mengapa memilih pandangan semacam itu, mengapa ini penting dan relevan)
  • How (bagaimana aku bisa tahu ini benar, bagaimana meyakinkan, bagaimana ini akan bermanfaat)
Online Safety
Problem: cyber bullying, sexting, age-appropriate content, photo sharing and permission, Online extortion, Online exploitation, Plagiarism and copyright, Virus protection
Quick guide for online safety
  • know risks
  • keep your personal information safe
  • Be kind online
  • don't download unknown thing
Digital culture Problems: transhumanism, AI, cyber ethics, security, privacy, hacking, social engineering, modern psychology
Digital Collaboration including: digital team, digital discovery, digital content creation, digital communication, digital presentation
Finding Information
  • think before begin
  • where are you searching?
  • dig deep of the search results
  • check the website/link
  • take closer look (credibility)
  • look beyond the headline
  • camera can lie, keyboard can lie
  • virality is not accuracy
  • check other sources, compare
  • check the fact
  • check your bias
  • is it a joke?
  • ask the experts
Communication Skills
Online shairng tips
  • share only what you fell comfortable with
  • avoid sharing your location/identity
  • be mindful of other people's feelings
  • pay attention to your privacy settings
  • don't share every photo/video
Netiquette
  • behaviour : respect people, avouid cyberbullies
  • language: think before click, every character matters
  • timing: stay on topic
  • copyright: make sure you have permission
  • content: use your critical thinking
Link:
10 Langkah Aksi Literasi Digital [1] Jaga Privasi Digital [2] Amankan Data Digital [3] Waspadai Bahaya Digital [4] Kritis terhadap Informasi [5] Verifikasi setiap Informasi [6] Komunikasi Digital dengan Etis [7] Empati terhadap Warga Digital [8] Kolaborasi Positif secara Digital [9] Tepat dalam Mencari Informasi Digital [10] Buat Kreasi Inovasi Digital
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